Duck farming in Nigeria is one of the lucrative poultry farming venture practiced and in several parts of the world. Most times, it is known to be one of the underrated poultry farming in Nigeria because of the limited knowledge of its benefits and techniques. Ducks have a higher level and chances of productivity, which often requires low investment capital compared to most poultry farming, they can be raised commercially or by small-scale meat and egg production. Ducks are highly accessible around the world making it a very lucrative business to start up; the domestic ducks (waterfowls) are mainly reared to produce meat and egg. In Nigeria, local ducks can be raised on a free-range system varying from common species like; Muscovy, White Pekins, Aylesbury, Blue Swedish, Buff and several others.
Ducks are definitely water birds but they can also survive without water when kept in a house or on a free-range system, the same way any type of poultry bird is raised. Nevertheless, water is required for reproduction and mating purposes. Duck farming in Nigeria is practicable when necessary techniques and methods are observed.
Benefits of duck farming
There are many benefits and advantages to starting a duck farm in Nigeria. To a large percentage, countries where both chickens and ducks are raised, duck seems to rank next to chicken for the production of meat and egg.
Some significant benefits of duck farming in Nigeria are outlined as follows:
1. Duck farming is less expensive, simple, and less intricate housing facilities. In such that, housing costs and expenditures can be gotten on a minimal amount as well as setting up a commercial duck farming business.
2. Ducks are highly resistant to most avian diseases; they are very healthy birds and need less management and care. They can adapt to all types of environmental conditions.
3. They can be raised on a less spaced environment since they have relatively shorter brooding periods and their ducklings grow fast (you can use artificial heat for the ducklings within 5-7 days, and during cold seasons longer heat periods is necessary)
4. Duck usually live more than most consumable poultry birds and can sustain egg production for a long period. Their eggs and meat have a huge demand in the local and international markets; many commercial duck farmers are making a high profit due to the sales of these duck products (meat and egg).